The first case of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique was recorded in 1986 and the numbers have been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with an estimate, in 2009, of 11,5% HIV positive adults (1.4 million people living with the HIV).The national response to the epidemic was initially slow as most resources were being diverted towards financing the Mozambican civil war (1975-1994).The stigmatisation and discrimination against people living with HIV and AIDS has made it difficult to prevent the numbers from growing, but in 2009 the Law on Defending Human Rights and the Fight against the Stigmatisation and Discrimination of People living with HIV and AIDS was adopted, representing an important step for reinforcing the policy context for HIV prevention in Mozambique.At present there are a number of sites providing antiretroviral treatment throughout the country, some of them have nurses and volunteers who offer home-based care.
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